Nobel Prize

Updated November 2015

Year Awardee
1944 Joseph Erlanger (faculty)
Physiology, Medicine: Study of the differentiated functions of individual nerve threads
1944 Herbert Gasser (B.S. 1910)
Physiology, Medicine: Study of the differentiated functions of individual nerve threads
1956 John Bardeen (B.S. 1928, M.S. 1929)
Physics: Discovery of the transistor effect
1958 Joshua Lederberg (faculty)
Physiology, Medicine: Genetics of bacteria
1958 Edward Tatum (M.S. 1932, Ph.D. 1934)
Physiology, Medicine: The metabolism of bacteria, yeasts and molds
1963 E.P. Wigner (faculty)
Physics: Contributions to theories of the atomic nucleus and elementary particles through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles
1968 Har Gobind Khorana (faculty)
Physiology, Medicine: Gene synthesis
1972 Stanford Moore (Ph.D. 1938)
Chemistry: Research on the structure of ribonuclease, a complex protein
1972 John Bardeen (B.S. 1928, M.S. 1929)
Physics: Research on superconductivity
1975 Howard Temin (faculty)
Physiology, Medicine: Retroviruses and cancer research
1976 Saul Bellow (M.A. x’37)
1977 John Van Vleck (A.B. 1920)
Physics: Contributions to the development of electronic solid state circuitry and to theories of magnetism and conductivity
1979 Theodore Schultz (M.S. 1928, Ph.D. 1930)
Economics: Economics of developing countries
1991 Erwin Neher (M.S. 1967)
Medicine: Discovery of a method to study ion channels in cell membranes
1997 Paul D. Boyer (M.S. 1941, Ph.D. 1943)
Chemistry: Discovery of the process that makes adenosine triphosphate
1999 Guenter Blobel (Ph.D. 1967)
Medicine: Discovery of how proteins move into the correct places within a cell
2000 Alan MacDiarmid (M.S. 1952, Ph.D. 1953)
Chemistry: Discovery of polymers that conduct electricity
2000 Jack St. Clair Kilby (M.S. 1950)
Physics: Invention of integrated circuit
2007 Oliver Smithies (faculty)
Physiology, Medicine: for introducing specific gene modifications in mice using embryonic stem cells
2015 William C. Campbell (M.A. 1954, Ph.D. 1957)
Physiology, Medicine: Discovery of drug that lowers incidence of tropical diseases